The Ultimate Plant to Keep Mosquitoes Away: Discover the Power

Mosquitoes are not just annoying; they can also be dangerous due to their ability to spread diseases like malaria, dengue, and the West Nile virus. If you have a balcony or outdoor space, you know how much mosquitoes can ruin a pleasant evening. But what if there was a natural way to keep them away While many people might suggest mint as a natural mosquito deterrent, there’s another plant that is arguably more effective: citronella grass. In this article, we’ll explore why citronella grass is your best ally against mosquitoes and how you can use it to transform your balcony into a mosquito-free zone.

What is Citronella Grass?

Citronella grass Cymbopogon nardus or Cymbopogon winterianus is a tall, perennial plant that originates from tropical regions. It belongs to the same family as lemongrass and is known for its distinct citrusy scent. This scent is the key to its mosquito-repelling properties, as mosquitoes find it overwhelming and unpleasant. Citronella oil, extracted from the leaves of this plant, is widely used in mosquito-repellent products, candles, and essential oils. By planting citronella grass on your balcony, you can harness this natural mosquito-fighting power.

Why Citronella Grass Works

The primary reason citronella grass is effective against mosquitoes is its strong scent, which masks the odors that attract mosquitoes to humans. Mosquitoes rely on a keen sense of smell to locate their hosts, often honing in on carbon dioxide and body odor. Citronella’s strong fragrance confuses and repels them, making it an excellent natural mosquito deterrent.

Additionally, citronella grass has the following advantages:

  1. Natural and Eco-Friendly: Unlike chemical repellents, citronella grass is an all-natural solution. It doesn’t release harmful toxins into the environment and is safe for pets and children.
  2. Versatile: Citronella can be grown in pots, making it ideal for balconies and small outdoor spaces. It can also be used in gardens or larger landscapes.
  3. Attractive Aesthetics: Citronella grass has a lush, tropical appearance that can enhance the beauty of your balcony while keeping mosquitoes at bay.
  4. Multi-Purpose: Apart from repelling mosquitoes, citronella grass can also be used to make citronella oil or added to cooking for a citrusy flavor.

How to Grow Citronella Grass on Your Balcony

Growing citronella grass on your balcony is relatively straightforward, even for those with limited gardening experience. Here are the key steps to get started:

1. Choose the Right Location

Citronella grass thrives in full sun, so it’s best to choose a spot on your balcony that receives plenty of sunlight throughout the day. Ensure the area has good air circulation to help keep mosquitoes at bay.

2. Select a Suitable Pot

Use a large pot or container with good drainage to allow the roots to grow and prevent waterlogging. Citronella grass can grow quite tall, so make sure the pot is sturdy enough to support it.

3. Use Well-Draining Soil

Plant citronella grass in well-draining potting soil. You can add some sand or perlite to improve drainage. This will help prevent root rot and other issues associated with overwatering.

4. Water and Fertilize Regularly

Citronella grass needs regular watering, especially in hot weather. However, be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. Fertilize the plant every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer to encourage healthy growth.

5. Prune and Maintain

Citronella grass can grow quite tall, so regular pruning is necessary to keep it manageable and promote bushier growth. Pruning also releases more of the plant’s scent, enhancing its mosquito-repelling properties.

Using Citronella Grass to Repel Mosquitoes

While simply having citronella grass on your balcony will help reduce the mosquito population, there are additional ways to enhance its effectiveness:

  1. Crush the Leaves: Crushing or bruising the leaves of citronella grass releases more of the plant’s essential oils, intensifying the mosquito-repelling scent. You can do this periodically to boost its effectiveness.
  2. Create a Citronella Barrier: Position multiple pots of citronella grass around your balcony to create a protective barrier against mosquitoes. This will create a stronger scent and increase its range of effectiveness.
  3. Use Citronella in Combination with Other Plants: While citronella grass is highly effective, you can further enhance its effectiveness by combining it with other mosquito-repelling plants, such as lavender, basil, or marigold. This multi-plant approach can create a more potent natural mosquito defense system.
  4. Make Your Own Citronella Oil: If you have an abundance of citronella grass, you can create your own citronella oil by distilling the leaves. This oil can be used in diffusers, candles, or diluted for use as a natural mosquito repellent spray.

Other Tips for a Mosquito-Free Balcony

In addition to planting citronella grass, there are other steps you can take to keep mosquitoes away from your balcony:

  1. Eliminate Standing Water: Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, so be sure to remove any sources of standing water from your balcony, such as plant saucers or open containers.
  2. Install Screens and Nets: If your balcony has open areas, consider installing screens or mosquito nets to create a barrier against mosquitoes.
  3. Use Fans: Mosquitoes are weak flyers, so using fans on your balcony can create enough airflow to keep them away.
  4. Burn Citronella Candles: Complement the effects of citronella grass by burning citronella candles or using citronella oil in a diffuser during the evening.
  5. Wear Mosquito-Repellent Clothing: When spending time on your balcony during mosquito-prone hours, consider wearing clothing treated with mosquito repellent.


Citronella grass is the ultimate plant to put on your balcony if you want to scare away mosquitoes. Its powerful scent is a natural deterrent, providing a safe and eco-friendly solution to mosquito problems. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can create a mosquito-free oasis on your balcony and enjoy outdoor relaxation without the nuisance of mosquito bites. Say goodbye to mosquitoes and hello to citronella grass!

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